given in the Qur'an about ancient Egypt reveals many historical
facts that had remained undisclosed until recent times.
These facts also indicate to us that every word in the Qur'an
has been revealed by sure wisdom.
Haman is a character whose name is mentioned
in the Qur'an, along with the Pharaoh. He is recorded in
six different places of the Qur'an as one of the closest
men to the Pharaoh.
Surprisingly the name of Haman is never
mentioned in those sections of the Torah pertaining to the
life of Moses. However, the mention of Haman can be found
in the last chapters of the Old Testament as the helper
of a Babylonian king who inflicted many cruelties on the
Israelites approximately 1,100 years after Moses.
Some non-Muslims, who claim that the Prophet
Mohammed wrote the Qur'an by copying from the Torah and
the Bible, also assert that during the process, he transferred
some of the subjects related in these books into the Qur'an
The absurdity of these claims was demonstrated
only after the Egyptian hieroglyphic alphabet had been deciphered,
approximately 200 years ago, and the name "Haman"
discovered in the ancient scripts.
Before these discoveries, the writings and inscriptions
of ancient Egypt could not be understood. The language of
ancient Egypt was hieroglyphic, which survived through the
ages. However, with the spread of Christianity and other
cultural influences in the 2nd and 3rd centuries AD, Egypt
forsook its ancient beliefs as well as hieroglyphic writing.
The last known example of the use of hieroglyphic writing
was an inscription dated 394 AD. Then that language was
forgotten, leaving nobody who could read and understand
it. And that was the situation until some 200 years ago
The mystery of ancient Egyptian hieroglyphics
was solved in 1799 by the discovery of a tablet called the
Rosetta Stone dating back to 196 B.C. The importance of
this inscription was that it was written in three different
forms of writing: Hieroglyphics, demotic (a simplified form
of ancient Egyptian hieratic writing) and Greek. With the
help of the Greek script, the ancient Egyptian writings
were decoded. The translation of the inscription was completed
by a Frenchman named Jean-Françoise Champollion.
Hence a forgotten language and the events related in it
were brought to light. In this way, a great deal of knowledge
about the civilization, religion and social life of ancient
Egypt became available.
Through the decoding of
hieroglyph, an important piece of knowledge was revealed:
the name "Haman" was indeed mentioned in Egyptian
inscriptions. This name was referred to in a monument in
the Hof Museum in Vienna. (1)
In the dictionary of "People
in the New Kingdom," that was prepared based on the
entire collection of inscriptions, Haman is said to be "the
head of stone quarry workers". (2)
The result revealed a very important truth.
Unlike the false assertion of the opponents of the Qur'an,
Haman was a person who lived in Egypt at the time of Moses,
who had been close to the Pharaoh, and had been involved
in construction work, just as imparted in the Qur'an.
Furthermore, the verse in the Qur'an describing
the event where the Pharaoh asked Haman to build a tower
is in perfect agreement with this archaeological finding:
'Council, I do not know of any other god for you apart from
Me. Haman, kindle a fire for me over the clay and build
me a lofty tower so that perhaps I may be able to climb
up to Moses' god! I consider him a blatant liar.'"
(Surat al-Kasas: 38)
In conclusion, the existence of the name
Haman in the ancient Egyptian inscriptions not only rendered
the fabricated claims of the opponents of the Qur'an worthless,
but also confirmed one more time the fact that the Qur'an
comes from Allah. In a miraculous way, the Qur'an conveys
to us historical information that could not have been possessed
or understood at the time of the Prophet.
Wreszinski, Aegyptische Inschriften aus dem K.K. Hof Museum
in Wien, 1906, J. C. Hinrichs' sche Buchhandlung
(2) Hermann Ranke, Die Ägyptischen
Personennamen, Verzeichnis der Namen, Verlag Von J.
J. Augustin in Glückstadt, Band I, 1935, Band II, 1952